Endometriosis is the condition in which the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This tissue may grow outside the uterus and may attach itself to other organs like ovaries, fallopian tubes or abdominal cavity. This tissue may cause scar or adhesions on the organs that it attaches to. You may experience pelvic or abdominal pain mainly during your periods or with sex.
Endometriosis might make it difficult for you to become pregnant. Endometriosis may grow inside the ovary and form a cyst. It may also influence fertility as it may cause scars in the fallopian tubes, cause inflammation of the pelvic organs or a distorted anatomy of the pelvis. It may also alter the hormonal environment of the eggs or alter the egg quality.
Treatment options include medications like birth control pills and other drugs that may ease the symptoms. Combination of medication and surgery may prove successful for patients trying to achieve pregnancy using IVF. Treatment options vary from individual to individual. Talk to your specialist regarding the best treatment procedure for you.
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