1. What are the main reasons for infertility in men?

In most cases of male infertility, the irregularities in the production or function of sperm are referred to as the main cause of main infertility. It includes:

  • Low Sperm Count

  • Impaired Movement of Sperm

  • Abnormal Sperm Structure

  • No Sperm

  • Low-quality Sperm

  1. How does environmental factors affect male infertility?

Environmental factors such as toxins, heat or chemicals, play an important role in causing men infertility. Overexposure to these environmental factor have a direct or indirect impact on the sperm count, and in severe cases lead to cancer.

  1. What is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency?

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency is a condition in females when the functionality of the ovaries is lost before reaching the age of 40. This affects the normal production of hormone estrogen as well as egg, resuting in female infertility.

  1. What is endometriosis?

A female disorder where the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) starts to grow outside the uterine cavity is known as endometriosis. This growing tissue may later get attached to other organs such as abdominal cavity, ovaries or fallopian tubes, and thereby cause scar or adhesions.

  1. What is the major cause of female infertility?

Any damage or obstruction to the fallopian tube is considered as a major cause of infertility in females. It blocks the passage of the sperm from coming in contact with the egg. The damage may occur due to infection, previous surgery or pelvic tuberculosis. A less invasive technique called tuboplasty, is used to treat fallopian tube obstruction.

  1. Describe In Vitro Fertilization procedure?

In Vitro Fertilization or test tube baby procedure is the most common and effective technique used to treat of fertility or genetic problems. The method comprises of a series of complex procedures. The In Vitro Fertilization involves fertilization or joining of mature women eggs with the male sperm in a laboratory dish. The procedure is suitable for both male and female infertility issues. The success rate of IVF procedure depends upon the patient’s age and cause of infertility.

  1. What are the procedures available to enhance fertility?

Many conditions such as ovarian cysts, fibroids, uterine irregularities, etc. contribute to infertility. A number of minimally invasive surgical procedures can be used to treat these conditions, and thus fertility can be enhanced. Following surgical methods are used:

  • Hysteroscopic Surgical Procedure

  • Laparoscopic Surgical Procedure

  • Other procedures like myomectomy and tubal recanalization

  1. What conditions are treated with Operative Hysteroscopy?

Operative Hysteroscopy tends to treat uterus abnormalities identified during normal hysteroscopy. The conditions treated include:

  • Polyps and fibroids

  • Adhesions

  • Septum

  • Abnormal bleeding during menstrual cycle

  1. What are the symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic Pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy where the embryo is implanted outside the uterus, especially in the fallopian tubes. The symptoms include:

  • Light vaginal spotting

  • Sensitive breast

  • Acute pain in neck, shoulder

  • Sharp pain or cramps in abdomen or pelvic region

  • Shock owing to fallopian tube rupture

  1. Mention the causes for recurrent abortions?

Many factors contribute to recurrent abortions. The causes are listed below:

  • Genetic issues

  • Immunologic problems

  • Anatomical uterus issues such as irregular shape or cervical weakness

  • Thrombophilia or blood-clotting disorder

  • Infectious causes like measles, rubelia, etc.