In Vitro Maturation is a fertility treatment in which the immature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and are brought to maturity in vitro (in the laboratory). It differs from IVF in that the eggs are immature when collected and does not require the use of medications to bring eggs to maturity. It is a safer and cheaper alternative to IVF.
Suitable candidate for IVM
Your specialist may recommend IVM
• If you have poly cystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS or hormone sensitive cancers
• If the reason for your infertility is the male factor alone.
The process involves the collection of immature eggs. These eggs mature in the laboratory in a dish placed in an incubator. This may take one to two days. The matured eggs are fertilized using your partner’s or donor sperm. The embryos are then cultured and transferred to the womb.
Since immature eggs are collected in the process, fewer eggs are collected when compared to IVF treatment. There is also a risk that not all eggs would mature sufficiently to be fertilized.
It is important to talk to your specialist about the positive and negative aspects of the treatment before considering it.