Hormone Assays are essential in measuring the levels of various hormones that help in conceiving. It helps your fertility specialist in determining the cause of infertility. Fertility is largely dependent on the functions of the various hormones.
Importance of Hormone Assays
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone), LH (luteinizing hormone), progesterone and estrogen are involved in the process of ovulation. The secretion of FSH depends on another hormone called Prolactin secreted from the pituitary. Thyroid gland disorders can also affect fertility.
The various hormones affecting fertility are
- AMH (Anti Mullerien Hormone) hormone produced by the ovary reflects the ovarian reserve and the eligible eggs for fertility.
- Estrogen- is responsible for development of the uterine lining (endometrium). Estradiol, a form of estrogen indicates the number of healthy eggs in a cycle.
- Progesterone- is responsible for successful implantation of the embryo.
- FSH and LH control ovarian function
- Testosterone and androgens may be produced in small amounts by the ovaries and adrenal glands. High levels of these male hormones may affect ovulation.
- Thyroid Function test – Thyroid hormones and TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) secreted from the pituitary gland play an important role in fertility management.
- Prolactin imbalance can cause irregular periods and affect ovulation
Male Hormonal Imbalance can affect the quality and quantity of sperm produced. The male hormones affecting fertility are
- FSH stimulates sperm production whereas LH is essential for the secretion of testosterone essential for reproduction
- Testosterone produced by the testis affects the sperm motility and count
- Abnormal Prolactin? levels result in abnormal semen production.
Contact your doctor at Fertile Solutions IVF & Research Center for more information regarding hormonal assays and testing.