Hormone Replacement Therapy or HRT is a treatment method in whichhormones are provided to supplement a deficiency of naturally occurring hormones. It may also be used to substitute other hormones for naturally occurring hormones. It is generally used to treat menopausal symptoms. It was believed that HRT helps improve long term health but recent studies revealed that it caused more harm than good. Hence hormone therapy is no longer prescribed by doctors to improve long term health or disease prevention it may be a good choice for certain women depending on their risk factors.
Benefits of HRT
Systemic hormone therapy in the form of pills , gel, skin patch , spray or cream is effective in the treatment of hot flashes or night sweats experienced during menopause. It is also effective in the treatment of vaginal dryness, itching etc.
Low dose vaginal products of estrogen in the form of cream tablet or ring reduces vaginal symptoms and some urinary symptoms though they do not help much with night sweats or hot flashes.
The risks of hormone therapy vary with whether estrogen is administered alone or in combination with progesterone. It also varies from person to person depending on your age, age at menopause, your susceptibility to heart diseases, cancer etc. It may increase your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, breast cancer or blood clots.
If you plan to take HRT it should be the lowest dose possible and need re evaluation every 6 months or as suggested by your doctor. You can talk to our specialists who can discuss the various risks and benefits of the procedure.