A Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an X-ray test done to detect abnormalities of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It is commonly performed in women who find it difficult to get pregnant and is an important part of infertility treatment. It is usually done 2-5 days after your menstrual cycle has ended.
The test is performed in the radiology department and you would be made to lie beneath an x-ray machine. A contrast (dye) is injected into the cervix using a thin tube. Once the dye fills the uterus and fallopian tubes x-rays are taken. The dye makes the visibility of these areas easier.
Antibiotics to prevent infections and medications to relieve pain and relax during the procedure may be prescribed by the doctor. Mild cramps may be experienced after the test.
Reasons to conduct the test
- Check for fallopian tube blockages that prevents sperm from reaching the egg
- To check for uterine abnormalities like adhesions, fibroids etc that cause infertility
- Confirm the success of tubal ligation or reversal of the same
- Allergy caused by the dye
- Endometrial infection/ Fallopian tube infection/ pelvic infection
- Perforation of the uterus
- Cells or tissue damage due to radiation
The benefits of the procedure outweigh the risks associated with the procedure. You can clear all your doubts by talking to our specialists who can provide you with further details regarding the procedure.