Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection is a part of an IVF (in vitro fertilization) procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into the egg. The fertilized egg is then placed into the womb. This procedure is mainly used to treat sperm related fertility problems.
It is recommended in cases where the sperm cannot reach the egg or when it can reach the egg but is unable to fertilize it for some reason. Prior to performing an ICSI your fertility specialist may recommend screening for genetic problems that could be passed on to offspring.
The process is similar to IVF procedure. You would be given drugs to stimulate production of mature eggs. When the eggs are ready for collection you and your partner go through separate procedures.
Your partner may produce sperm himself or the doctor may extract it using medical procedures. Eggs are removed from your body under a local anesthesia. Individual sperm is then injected into individual eggs. The fertilized eggs are then transferred to the womb in a procedure similar to that of IVF. After about 2 weeks you will be able to take a pregnancy test is all goes well. One cycle of ICSI requires anywhere between 4- 6 weeks to complete.
It is expensive compared to IVF
Multiple birth and ectopic pregnancy
Higher risk of congenital diseases in the fetus
Ultrasound can be used to check the growth of the baby during early pregnancy to avert these risks. Your doctor can help you clear all your doubts regarding the technique.