Infertility in women can be diagnosed using various diagnostic tools. Your fertility specialist may recommend a physical and pelvic examination after understanding your family and medical history. The surgical procedure of laparoscopy may also be used after the pelvic evaluation. It is used in the evaluation of pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic pain or some cases of endometriosis. It may also be combined with other techniques like hysteroscopy.
Doctors can thoroughly examine the female reproductive organs (ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes) using laparoscopy. It is a commonly used diagnostic and surgical procedure in infertility evaluation. Two incisions one at the pubic hairline and other at the navel are made. The laparoscope is inserted in one incision and surgical instruments are inserted through the other incision. A laparoscope provides a clear picture of the internal organs like the uterus, ovaries, tubes, bowels, appendix, liver and gall bladder. You may be able to avoid traditional surgical procedures in many conditions such as endometriosis which can be effectively treated using laparoscopy. This is a minimally invasive procedure and only little pain is associated with the process. This is also a cost effective process with a short recovery period.