Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. It is generally done as a treatment option in cases such as
- Uterine Prolapse in which the uterus droops into the vagina
- Uterine cancer or cancer of the cervix or ovaries
- Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
- Chronic Pelvic Pain
- Adenomyosis or the condition of thickening of the uterus
Hysterectomy can be performed either using traditional abdominal surgical procedure or laparoscopically. The surgical removal of the uterus through an incision in the vagina using laparoscopic surgical tools is called Laparoscopic Vaginal Hysterectomy.
Laparoscopic techniques are used to get a clear picture of the reproductive organs inside the abdomen. A small incision is made in the abdomen to insert the laparoscope to get an internal view. Tiny instruments are also inserted using other tiny incisions on the abdomen. These instruments are used to cut the ligaments supporting the uterus. The uterus is then removed vaginally.
The benefits of performing hysterectomy laparoscopically include a short recovery time along with less pain, blood loss, scarring and complications. The risk of infections is also greatly reduced in this procedure and you can get back to your normal activities within a couple of weeks.