Primary Ovarian Insufficiency or Premature Ovarian Failure is a condition in which the ovaries lose their functionality before the age of 40. This results in infertility as normal amounts of the hormone estrogen are not produced or eggs are not released regularly.
Women with primary ovarian insufficiency may experience symptoms similar to menopause which include irregular or skipped periods, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased sexual desire etc.
The cause for premature ovarian failure is uncertain. It may be due to chromosomal defects or exposure to chemotherapy and radiation treatments. It may also be the result of an autoimmune disease.
Treatment options include estrogen replacement therapy to help prevent osteoporosis and relieve other symptoms. Treatments to restore fertility in women with this condition have not proved to be very successful though a small percentage of women do spontaneously conceive. Talk to your doctor for the best treatment options suitable for you.