Recurrent Abortions or recurrent pregnancy loss is the condition in which you had 3 or more consecutive miscarriages generally before 20 weeks of gestation. The causes for recurrent abortions are listed below but in some cases there is no explainable cause identified.
- Genetic Problems- a chromosomal defect in either (or both) of the parents may cause recurrent abortions.
- Immune problems- women with high levels of antiphospholipid antibodies in their blood (antiphospholipid syndrome) may experience miscarriage, still birth or premature birth. The syndrome causes the blood to clot when it should not.
- Thrombophilia or blood clotting disorder wherein the chances of clotting of blood are more than normal.
- Anatomical problems of the uterus like abnormal shape, fibroids or cervical weakness.
- Endocrine problems that is problems with your hormone levels
- Maternal infections like rubella, measles etc.
The risk of abortions increase in women with advanced maternal age.
Transvaginal ultrasound is most effective method of assessment in early pregnancy. The following tests may be performed if you are at an increased risk of abortion
- Karyogram or parental chromosome testing
- Blood tests to detect thrombophilia, diabetes, thyroid function, ovarian function etc.
Antiphospholipid Syndrome can be rectified to some extent using blood thinning medications like aspirin or heparin.
In case of chromosomal defects, your specialist may refer you for an IVF (in vitro fertilization) in which the embryos are tested for chromosomal defects before transferring to the womb.
In case of unexplained causes for miscarriages, you have good chances of having a successful pregnancy in future. At Fertile Solutions IVF & Research Center we would provide you with extra support and scans to increase your chances of a successful pregnancy.