Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is calculated for average number of children born per woman. If TFR is two then population of the country is considered to be stable. Rate above two indicate that size of population is increasing. Size of the population is considered to decreasing if rate is below two.
Based on a study, fertility rate of states- Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu And Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal- are below two.
Fifteen percent of Indian population is suffering from infertility. In that, 46% is represented by people of age group 31-40 which is a prime reproductive age. Total fertility cases coming to the hospital is around 300, in that male infertility cases are more. Male infertility has increased from 40% in 1980 to 60%. Male infertility is mainly caused due to intoxication, environmental & life style habit. Female infertility is due to mainly polycystic ovaries or endometriosis.
Success rate of infertility treatment in India is over 70% due to availability of advanced technologies. Some of the main treatments are IVF, IVM etc. Read more about IVF treatment in India.
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