Uterus is the place where the fertilized egg grows into a baby. Cervix is the opening of the uterus into the vagina. Uterine or cervical abnormalities impact fertility by interfering with implantation of the embryo or increasing the likelihood of a miscarriage.
- Benign polyps or fibroids present in the uterus may impair fertility by blocking the fallopian tubes or by disrupting implantation of the egg.
- Implantation is disrupted by endometriosis scarring within the uterus or inflammation within the uterus.
- Congenital Uterine abnormalities such as an abnormally shaped uterus, septum within the uterine cavity etc. can cause problems becoming or remaining pregnant.
- A cervical narrowing known as Cervical stenosis can be caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix.
- Sometimes the cervix does not produce the best type of mucus that enables the sperm to travel through the cervix into the uterus.
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